Committing Your Changes To The Repository

Sending the changes you made to your working copy is known as committing the changes. But before you commit you have to make sure that your working copy is up to date. You can either use TortoiseSVNUpdate directly. Or you can use TortoiseSVNCheck for Modifications first, to see which files have changed locally or on the server.

The Commit Dialog

If your working copy is up to date and there are no conflicts, you are ready to commit your changes. Select any file and/or folders you want to commit, then TortoiseSVNCommit....

Figure 4.8. The Commit dialog

The Commit dialog


The commit dialog will show you every changed file, including added, deleted and unversioned files. If you don't want a changed file to be committed, just uncheck that file. If you want to include an unversioned file, just check that file to add it to the commit.

To quickly check or uncheck types of files like all versioned files or all modified files, click the link items just above the list of shown items.

For information on the coloring and overlays of the items according to their status, please see the section called “Local and Remote Status”.

Items which have been switched to a different repository path are also indicated using an (s) marker. You may have switched something while working on a branch and forgotten to switch back to trunk. This is your warning sign!

Commit files or folders?

When you commit files, the commit dialog shows only the files you have selected. When you commit a folder the commit dialog will select the changed files automatically. If you forget about a new file you created, committing the folder will find it anyway. Committing a folder does not mean that every file gets marked as changed; It just makes your life easier by doing more work for you.

Many unversioned files in the commit dialog

If you think that the commit dialog shows you too many unversioned (e.g. compiler generated or editor backup) files, there are several ways to handle this. You can:

  • add the file (or a wildcard extension) to the list of files to exclude on the settings page. This will affect every working copy you have.

  • add the file to the svn:ignore list using TortoiseSVNAdd to ignore list This will only affect the directory on which you set the svn:ignore property. Using the SVN Property Dialog, you can alter the svn:ignore property for a directory.

  • add the file to the svn:global-ignores list using TortoiseSVNAdd to ignore list (recursively) This will affect the directory on which you set the svn:global-ignores property and all subfolders as well.

Read the section called “Ignoring Files And Directories” for more information.

Double clicking on any modified file in the commit dialog will launch the external diff tool to show your changes. The context menu will give you more options, as shown in the screenshot. You can also drag files from here into another application such as a text editor or an IDE.

You can select or deselect items by clicking on the checkbox to the left of the item. For directories you can use Shift-select to make the action recursive.

The columns displayed in the bottom pane are customizable. If you right click on any column header you will see a context menu allowing you to select which columns are displayed. You can also change column width by using the drag handle which appears when you move the mouse over a column boundary. These customizations are preserved, so you will see the same headings next time.

By default when you commit changes, any locks that you hold on files are released automatically after the commit succeeds. If you want to keep those locks, make sure the Keep locks checkbox is checked. The default state of this checkbox is taken from the no_unlock option in the Subversion configuration file. Read the section called “General Settings” for information on how to edit the Subversion configuration file.

Drag and Drop

You can drag files into the commit dialog from elsewhere, so long as the working copies are checked out from the same repository. For example, you may have a huge working copy with several explorer windows open to look at distant folders of the hierarchy. If you want to avoid committing from the top level folder (with a lengthy folder crawl to check for changes) you can open the commit dialog for one folder and drag in items from the other windows to include within the same atomic commit.

You can drag unversioned files which reside within a working copy into the commit dialog, and they will be SVN added automatically.

Dragging files from the list at the bottom of the commit dialog to the log message edit box will insert the paths as plain text into that edit box. This is useful if you want to write commit log messages that include the paths that are affected by the commit.

Repairing External Renames

Sometimes files get renamed outside of Subversion, and they show up in the file list as a missing file and an unversioned file. To avoid losing the history you need to notify Subversion about the connection. Simply select both the old name (missing) and the new name (unversioned) and use Context MenuRepair Move to pair the two files as a rename.

Repairing External Copies

If you made a copy of a file but forgot to use the Subversion command to do so, you can repair that copy so the new file doesn't lose its history. Simply select both the old name (normal or modified) and the new name (unversioned) and use Context MenuRepair Copy to pair the two files as a copy.

Change Lists

The commit dialog supports Subversion's changelist feature to help with grouping related files together. Find out about this feature in the section called “Change Lists”.

Commit only parts of files

Sometimes you want to only commit parts of the changes you made to a file. Such a situation usually happens when you're working on something but then an urgent fix needs to be committed, and that fix happens to be in the same file you're working on.

right click on the file and use Context MenuRestore after commit. This will create a copy of the file as it is. Then you can edit the file, e.g. in a text editor and undo all the changes you don't want to commit. After saving those changes you can commit the file.

Using TortoiseMerge

If you use TortoiseMerge to edit the file, you can either edit the changes as you're used to, or mark all the changes that you want to include. right click on a modified block and use Context MenuMark this change to include that change. Finally right click and use Context MenuLeave only marked changes which will change the right view to only include the changes you've marked before and undo the changes you have not marked.

After the commit is done, the copy of the file is restored automatically, and you have the file with all your modifications that were not committed back.

Excluding Items from the Commit List

Sometimes you have versioned files that change frequently but that you really don't want to commit. Sometimes this indicates a flaw in your build process - why are those files versioned? should you be using template files? But occasionally it is inevitable. A classic reason is that your IDE changes a timestamp in the project file every time you build. The project file has to be versioned as it includes all the build settings, but it doesn't need to be committed just because the timestamp changed.

To help out in awkward cases like this, we have reserved a changelist called ignore-on-commit. Any file added to this changelist will automatically be unchecked in the commit dialog. You can still commit changes, but you have to select it manually in the commit dialog.

Commit Log Messages

Be sure to enter a log message which describes the changes you are committing. This will help you to see what happened and when, as you browse through the project log messages at a later date. The message can be as long or as brief as you like; many projects have guidelines for what should be included, the language to use, and sometimes even a strict format.

You can apply simple formatting to your log messages using a convention similar to that used within emails. To apply styling to text, use *text* for bold, _text_ for underlining, and ^text^ for italics.

Figure 4.9. The Commit Dialog Spellchecker

The Commit Dialog Spellchecker


TortoiseSVN includes a spellchecker to help you get your log messages right. This will highlight any mis-spelled words. Use the context menu to access the suggested corrections. Of course, it doesn't know every technical term that you do, so correctly spelt words will sometimes show up as errors. But don't worry. You can just add them to your personal dictionary using the context menu.

The log message window also includes a filename and function auto-completion facility. This uses regular expressions to extract class and function names from the (text) files you are committing, as well as the filenames themselves. If a word you are typing matches anything in the list (after you have typed at least 3 characters, or pressed Ctrl+Space), a drop-down appears allowing you to select the full name. The regular expressions supplied with TortoiseSVN are held in the TortoiseSVN installation bin folder. You can also define your own regexes and store them in %APPDATA%\TortoiseSVN\autolist.txt. Of course your private autolist will not be overwritten when you update your installation of TortoiseSVN. If you are unfamiliar with regular expressions, take a look at the introduction at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Regular_expression , and the online documentation and tutorial at http://www.regular-expressions.info/ .

Getting the regex just right can be tricky, so to help you sort out a suitable expression there is a test dialog which allows you to enter an expression and then type in filenames to test it against. Start it from the command prompt using the command TortoiseProc.exe /command:autotexttest.

You can re-use previously entered log messages. Just click on Recent messages to view a list of the last few messages you entered for this working copy. The number of stored messages can be customized in the TortoiseSVN settings dialog.

You can clear all stored commit messages from the Saved data page of TortoiseSVN's settings, or you can clear individual messages from within the Recent messages dialog using the Delete key.

If you want to include the checked paths in your log message, you can use the command Context MenuPaste filename list in the edit control.

Another way to insert the paths into the log message is to simply drag the files from the file list onto the edit control.

Special Folder Properties

There are several special folder properties which can be used to help give more control over the formatting of commit log messages and the language used by the spellchecker module. Read the section called “Project Settings” for further information.

Integration with Bug Tracking Tools

If you have activated the bug tracking system, you can set one or more Issues in the Bug-ID / Issue-Nr: text box. Multiple issues should be comma separated. Alternatively, if you are using regex-based bug tracking support, just add your issue references as part of the log message. Learn more in the section called “Integration with Bug Tracking Systems / Issue Trackers”.

Commit Progress

After pressing OK, a dialog appears displaying the progress of the commit.

Figure 4.10. The Progress dialog showing a commit in progress

The Progress dialog showing a commit in progress


The progress dialog uses colour coding to highlight different commit actions

Blue

Committing a modification.

Purple

Committing a new addition.

Dark red

Committing a deletion or a replacement.

Black

All other items.

This is the default colour scheme, but you can customise those colours using the settings dialog. Read the section called “TortoiseSVN Colour Settings” for more information.