In most projects you will have files and folders that should not be subject to version control. These might include files created by the compiler,
*.obj, *.lst, maybe an output folder used to store
the executable. Whenever you commit changes, TortoiseSVN shows your unversioned
files, which fills up the file list in the commit dialog. Of course you
can turn off this display, but then you might forget to add a new source
The best way to avoid these problems is to add the derived files to the project's ignore list. That way they will never show up in the commit dialog, but genuine unversioned source files will still be flagged up.
If you right click on a single unversioned file,
and select the command
from the context menu, a submenu appears allowing you to select just that
file, or all files with the same extension. Both submenus
also have a
If you select multiple files, there is no submenu and you can only add
those specific files/folders.
If you choose the
(recursively) version of
the ignore context menu, the item will be ignored not just
for the selected folder but all subfolders as well. However
this requires SVN clients version 1.8 or higher.
If you want to remove one or more items from the ignore list,
right click on those items and select
You can also access a folder's
property directly. That allows you to specify more general
patterns using filename globbing, described in the section below.
Read the section called “Project Settings” for more information
on setting properties directly. Please be aware that each ignore pattern
has to be placed on a separate line. Separating them by spaces does not work.
Another way to ignore files is to add them to the
global ignore list. The big difference here
is that the global ignore list is a client property.
It applies to all Subversion projects, but on
the client PC only. In general it is better to use the
svn:ignore property where possible, because it
can be applied to specific project areas, and it works for
everyone who checks out the project. Read
the section called “General Settings” for more information.
Versioned files and folders can never be ignored - that's a feature of Subversion. If you versioned a file by mistake, read the section called “Ignore files which are already versioned” for instructions on how to “unversion” it.
Subversion's ignore patterns make use of filename globbing, a technique originally used in Unix to specify files using meta-characters as wildcards. The following characters have special meaning:
Matches any string of characters, including the empty string (no characters).
Matches any single character.
Matches any one of the characters enclosed in the
square brackets. Within the brackets, a pair of
characters separated by “-”
matches any character lexically between the two.
any one of
Pattern matching is case sensitive, which can cause problems
on Windows. You can force case insensitivity the hard way
by pairing characters, e.g. to ignore
regardless of case, you could use a pattern like
If you want an official definition for globbing, you can find it in the IEEE specifications for the shell command language Pattern Matching Notation .
You should not include path information in your pattern.
The pattern matching is intended to be used against plain
file names and folder names.
If you want to ignore all
CVS to the ignore list. There is
no need to specify
CVS */CVS as you did in
If you want to ignore all
when they exist within a
prog folder but
not within a
doc folder you should use the
svn:ignore property instead. There is no
reliable way to achieve this using global ignore patterns.